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Chapter 1


Verbs infinitive or gerund, transitive or instransitive. Word Forms and parts of speech Change words from adjectives to verbs, from nouns to adjective Use prefixes and suffixes to change word forms. We may already know what verbs, nouns, adjectives, adverbs, prepositions and articles are but we will extend this knowledge and discover how flexible words can be. Words that are usually nouns may become verbs and visa versa. A word's part of speech is related to the function of that word in a particular sentence, so to identify parts of speech we need to learn more about the structure of sentences. In the sentence "I saw a horse duck to get under a low bridge" the word "duck" is a verb and "horse" is a noun. We can see this from the context. The only other possibility would be that after the indefinite article "a" we have a noun phrase "horse duck", but there is no such noun phrase and this would also lead to other problems in the sentence structure. We could say "I saw something get under a bridge" but not "I saw something to get under the bridge". Here the infinitive verb "to get" expresses purpose or reason. In unit one we will learn about word forms in sentences and learn about prefixes and suffixes that change word forms in specific ways. Eg: -ABLE makes a verb into an adjective, meaning that this verb is possible.

Chapter 2 the definite article

Learn how to use the definite article in English. Sometimes the meaning can change just by omitting the definite article. Example: "In the future / in future ".

Chapter 3 Vocabulary. Phrasal verbs, expressions and collocations in English vocabulary

When we know a word well, we know how that word collocates with other words Practice by choosing suitable words to collocate with the given words.

Chapter 4 Reading and comprehension

Read the text and answer the questions.

Chapter 5 Listening exercises

Practice listening to audio and answering questions

Chapter 6 Remove the unwanted extra words

Some words are simply redundant, but don't make grammar mistakes. At other times an extra unwanted word can be a mistake. Remove all these unwanted words to correct the text

Chapter 10 Writing Exercises

Writing exercises and ideas.

Chapter 99 Miscellaneous

Everything that has not been put into it's proper chapter can be found here .
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