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Chapter 1

Grammar

Verbs infinitive or gerund, transitive or instransitive. Word Forms and parts of speech
Change words from adjectives to verbs, from nouns to adjective Use prefixes and suffixes to change word forms. We may already know what verbs, nouns, adjectives, adverbs, prepositions and articles are but we will extend this knowledge and discover how flexible words can be. Words that are usually nouns may become verbs and visa versa. A word's part of speech is related to the function of that word in a particular sentence, so to identify parts of speech we need to learn more about the structure of sentences. In the sentence "I saw a horse duck to get under a low bridge" the word "duck" is a verb and "horse" is a noun. We can see this from the context. The only other possibility would be that after the indefinite article "a" we have a noun phrase "horse duck", but there is no such noun phrase and this would also lead to other problems in the sentence structure. We could say "I saw something get under a bridge" but not "I saw something to get under the bridge". Here the infinitive verb "to get" expresses purpose or reason. In unit one we will learn about word forms in sentences and learn about prefixes and suffixes that change word forms in specific ways. Eg: -ABLE makes a verb into an adjective, meaning that this verb is possible.

Comparing Advanced English Exams

The following table gives an approximate comparison between the different exams. The exams all use the Common European Framework (CEF) proficiency levels.

Continuous Tenses

Look at the examples above and match each to one of the uses of the perfect tenses described below.

Hi Carlos - Just a quick note to say ....

Find ten grammar mistakes in this letter. Click the help for explanations then listen to check your answers.

Transitive and Intransitive Verbs (Advanced English)

Verbs can be classified in many ways. One way is to group them into transitive and intransitive verbs Transitive verbs are immediately followed by a direct object, whereas intransitive verbs may have a direct object following a preposition. Be carefull!! because passive forms and phrasal verbs also have prepositions. Look at the seagull. Is the verb to hit transitive or intransitive?

Vocabulary: Word forms and word formation using suffixes and prefixes

Change verbs to nouns to adjectives to adverbs. Be careful of the word stress and use the correct prefixes and suffixes. Sometimes suffixes are used to change word forms. Eg. -ness, -ful, -ity, -able, -ing ...
Can you write two sentences using understandable and another two using understanding ?

Hyper Inflation - Some History

The pengõ (sometimes written as pengo or pengoe in English) was the currency of Hungary between 1 January 1927, when it replaced the korona, and 31 July 1946, when it was replaced by the forint. The pengõ was subdivided into 100 fillér. Although the introduction of the pengõ was part of a post-World War I stabilisation program, the currency survived only for 20 years and experienced the most serious hyperinflation ever recorded.

Love is the universal migraine. Gerund / Infinitive ?

Speaking: what is love? What do you think about these quotes.

Formal and informal English.

In examinations we have to transform formal English into informal, or the other way around.
Complete the informal sentences here, choosing the correct phrase. Only one is correct in each case

Chapter 2 the definite article

Learn how to use the definite article in English. Sometimes the meaning can change just by omitting the definite article. Example: "In the future / in future ".

Funny Money

"To be or not to be, that is the question" - William Shakespeare
"The or not the, that is my question" - Leon Wooldridge. ( He's a definite article, isn't he? )

The Ford Puma. - (The articles)

This article has had all articles the/a/an removed. Insert these articles wherever they are needed.
Check the grammar book. When to use the definite article the in English.
And the special cases of the definite article.

Chapter 3 Vocabulary. Phrasal verbs, expressions and collocations in English vocabulary

When we know a word well, we know how that word collocates with other words Practice by choosing suitable words to collocate with the given words.

Stiff Upper Lip.

Read the text through quickly to see what it is about. Then read again and choose the word that collocates best with the rest of the sentence.
Listen to check your answers

Noun Phrases in English

Different types of noun phrase in English and how to use them. A noun phrase gives information about a noun. We can combine nouns in the three ways shown in the table below.

Idiomatic Noun Phrases in English

Match the beginnings and endings of these noun phrases, then match each phrase to the meaning

Noun Phrases in English

Listen and match the phrases

Correct Noun Phrase Forms

Check each sentence uses the correct noun phrase form.

Noun phrase stress patterns in English pronunciation

Read these sentences. What difference does the position of the stress make to the meaning of the sentences?

Form a Compound Noun

Form an appropriate compound noun using the word in brackets

Incorrect Noun phrases

Check the incorrect sentences

Noun phrases - Making Sentences

Make single sentences containing all the information in brackets.
EXAMPLE: They live in a house (?250,000; the house is in Scotland; an amazing view of the countryside)
They live in a ?250,000 house in Scotland with an amazing view of the countryside.

Expressions with 'carry'

There are some phrasal verbs that use "carry". Can you match the meanings of : Carry on , carry off, carry out ...

Sibling Rivalry

Is it best to be the first born or an only child? How does your position in the family afect your character? Which one is a verb anyway? ( Affect or effect )

Chapter 4 Reading and comprehension

Read the text and answer the questions.

The Circus

Read about a circus and answer some questions. Learn some vocabulary and pronunciation. Listen to the reading. Is the article enthusiatic and positive?

The Point of Music

For questions 1-6, read the following text and then choose from the list A-J the best phrase given below to fill each of the spaces. Each correct phrase may be used only once. Some of the suggested answers do not fit at all. The exercise begins with an example (0)

It is a well documented fact that music is the most popular form of art. It can be used to fit in with the emotional moods of people and also to influence them in a manipulative way. (0)

Sheep and a Horse Chatting

Present perfect or past perfect. Complete the gaps in this conversation by filling the gaps.

Radio Report

You will hear a recording of a radio sports report. For question 1-9, complete the notes. You will need to write a number, a letter or a few words.

Sport

Who would you like to nominate for the title of world's greatest sportsperson. Write down five facts about them.

Reporting Verbs

Some reporting verbs:
advise - encourage - invite - remind - warn - agree - decide - offer - promise - refuse - threaten - admit - agree - decide - deny - explain - insist -promise - recommend - suggest - deny - recommend - suggest - accuse - blame - congratulate apologize -insist

Revenge

Select either The/a/an or nothing (Zero article)

Ellipsis

Review Ellipsis and word omission

Sentence Structure

Copy the word or phrase into the gap that best completes each sentence. 

Rich Kids

Today there are more and more young people under the age of 25 becoming millionaires. Coming into money at an early age can be tremendously exciting but it can also be fraught with its own dangers and problems. Here are 4 young people who have found themselves in quite extraordinary financial situations very early on.

A changing city

Reading and speaking. Read the extracts from a travel guide to a famous city.
Can you guess which city it is?

One good turn deserves another

For questions 1-8, form the correct word out of the one in brackets.

Vocabulary: expressions with make/get/ keep/gain/resolve

Put the words in the boxes in the appropriate columns to form expressions with each of the verbs.

A funny thing happened - (Writing Competition)

In Paper 2, Part 2 you may be asked to write an entry to a competition of some kind. 'Competition entries' are not a separate text type but can involve writing a description, an article, a review or a narrative. It is important to make what you write as interesting and engaging for the reader as possible.

Look at these different examples of "Competition entry" tasks. Discuss with another student which one you would prefer to do and why.

Science Museum

Choose which of the paragraphs A-H fits into the numbered gaps in the following newspaper article. There is one paragraph which does not fit in any of the gaps.

Chapter 5 Listening exercises

Practice listening to audio and answering questions

Cellmates

Look at the title of the article below and discuss what you think the article will be about and what?  ideas views might be discussed?

Ford Prefect and Arthur Dent

Read and understand these questions then listen to this extract from the Hitch Hikers Guide to the Galaxy, before answering the questions.

Chapter 6 Remove the unwanted extra words

Some words are simply redundant, but don't make grammar mistakes. At other times an extra unwanted word can be a mistake. Remove all these unwanted words to correct the text

White for All Occasions

Read the text below quickly and see how many unusual things you can discover about Robert Cook. Then compare your answers.
Now read the text again and check for all the extra unwanted or redundant grammar words. Listen and check.

Chapter 10 Writing Exercises

Writing exercises and ideas.

The London Eye

Lets write a brochure or leaflet to encourage visitors. Take a look at the fun Leon and Daniel had on the London Eye

Chapter 99 Miscellaneous

Everything that has not been put into it's proper chapter can be found here .

Academic Reading

You should spend about 20 on Questions 1-15 which are based on Reading Passage 1 below.

Suffixes to change adjectives to nouns

Common suffixes that change nouns to adjectives

Advanced Vocabulary Choices

Advanced vocabulary. Choose the best word to fill the gap.

Approximation

Describe pictures and practice using language of approximation. About, roughly, not unlike ...

Articles

Choose the correct articles for the text. a / an / the

At

There are 7 examples of the word AT that are missing from this text. Can you put them back in the correct places? Write the text out on paper then click

Back to Nature

For gaps 1-15, choose the best option from the table below.

BLUNDERING BANK 'GIVES' STUDENT £1M

Exam task For questions 1-6, read the following text and then choose from the list A-l the best phrase given below it to fill each of the spaces. Each correct phrase may be used only once. Some of the suggested answers do not fit at all. The exercise begins with an example (0). Spend no more than 15 minutes on this task.


Blacksmiths

Throughout the ages, iron has exerted a powerful pull on the human imagination, and the men who work it have often been regarded as much more than skilled craftsmen. Before the Industrial Revolution, blacksmiths enjoyed the same status as doctors and astrologers, because they were the sole providers of weapons, armour and farming tools.

Blade Runner

Look at this information about writing reviews. Then read the review on the right. Does it contain the different elements referred to? Is it a good review? Why/why not?

Body Language

Decide which of these phrases you can see illustrated below.

Bring on the clowns - Ken Dodd (Style, career and achievement)

Dodd's stand-up comedy style is fast and relies on the rapid delivery of one-liner jokes. He has claimed that his comic influences include other Liverpool comedians like Arthur Askey, Robb Wilton, Tommy Handley and the "cheeky chappy" from Brighton Max Miller.

Buying a photocopier

For questions 1-7, read the following text and then choose from the list A-J the best phrase given below to fill each of the spaces. Each correct phrase may be used only once. Some of the suggested answers do not fit at all.

Cartoons

For question 1-16 find the missing words in the spaces. Use only one word for each space.

A changing City

Reading and speaking. Read the extracts below from a travel guide to a famous city.
Can you guess which city it is?

Collocations

Complete the following sentences to form common word combinations. The first letter of the missing word is given in each case to help you.

Comparing and Contrasting

Tell another student about the last time you had a piece of really good news. What was it? How did you feel?

Confusing Synonyms

Decide which word in each of these groups is significantly different from the others. What does it mean? (Use your dictionary where necessary.)
EXAMPLE:
a custom, a habit, an anomaly, a tradition
an anomaly = a strange or unusual feature of a situation

Similar but Different Adjectives

Read the following dialogue between two students. Put the verbs in brackets into one of the following tenses.

Cupid's Target

In most lines of the text there is one unnecessary word. It is either grammatically incorrect or does not fit in with the sense of the text. For each numbered line 1-16 find these words and underline them. Some lines are correct.

Take a deep breath

Use the words in the brackets to form one word that fits in the gap.

Emphasis Inversion

Rewrite the sentences



Inversion not only can be used to form questions and conditional sentences. Also, we can use inversion for emphasis.

Little did she know how much work was left.
On no account must you sleep at school.
Never should you remember who's your boss.
Only then can you belong to me.
Here comes the sun.

How equal are women, really?

In most lines of the following text, there is either a spelling or a punctuation error.

Expression Think

phrasal verbs, expressions with think. put in the missing word. Sometimes there might be more than one correct answer.

From here to paternity

For questions 1-17, answer by choosing from the sections of the article (A-E). Some of the choices may be required more than once.

Sentences to check the grammar

Look at the following pairs of sentences. Decide if neither, one or both of the sentences is/are correct English. What can you say about any 'ules' for how the main verb in each ;air of sentences is used?

IELTS writing

IELTS writing

IELTS Graphs

On the graph you can see the projected sales for the year 2012 and the actual sales for that year. Write some words to describe how the sales figures changed throughout the year.

Island In The Sun

Listening: away from home (multiple choice)

Kids today

Discuss what you think young people today want most out of life. Read the text without looking at the words below. Decide what words might fit each space. Look at the context around each space. The missing word may be part of a fixed phrase/expression.
Decide which word best fits each space. Think about the precise meaning of each of the options. Make sure your choice best fits the meaning of the sentence in the

D'Lambley Exhibition

Read the text below. use the words in the brackets to form a word which fits in the gap.

THE LONDON OLYMPIC GAMES: 20+12= 32 AMAZING FACTS

When London hosts the Olympic Games in 2012 they will become the first city to officially stage the event for the third time. Athens would also share this honour but for the fact that the 1902 Athens Intercalated Olympic Games are not counted as an official event! Great Britain only won 3 gold medals at the 1948 London Olympics and finished 12th in the medal tables. In total team GB won 23 medals. Subtract the Gold medals and put the numbers together and you get 2012. Amazingly, 3 nations won exactly twenty medals and the 6th and 7th won 20 and 12 consecutively. In 1948 the USA came first in the medal tables with 84 medals. Add 48 and 84 and you get 'London' 132. which can be written as London Won 20+12. Numerology strikes again!

Mind Brain

Find the missing words - Expression with mind and brain.

Mock Test B

Practice the Advanced Exam with these Mock Tests. See how you do before the real exam.

Mock Test C

Practice the Advanced Exam with these Mock Tests. See how you do before the real exam.

Mock Test B - Chinese Students English Test part

Practice the Advanced Exam with these Mock Tests. See how you do before the real exam.

Mock Test G

Practice the Advanced Exam with these Mock Tests. See how you do before the real exam.

Mock Test H

Practice the Advanced Exam with these Mock Tests. See how you do before the real exam.

Grammar plus: modals (advanced features)

Practice the Advanced Exam with these Mock Tests. See how you do before the real exam.

Modal Verbs

Practice the Advanced Exam with these Mock Tests. See how you do before the real exam.

Modals Alison

Practice the Advanced Exam with these Mock Tests. See how you do before the real exam.

More to Do ZZZzzz...

Practice the Advanced Exam with these Mock Tests. See how you do before the real exam.

Movie Critic

Practice the Advanced Exam with these Mock Tests. See how you do before the real exam.

Museum Inspection

Practice the Advanced Exam with these Mock Tests. See how you do before the real exam.

Mock Test B

Practice the Advanced Exam with these Mock Tests. See how you do before the real exam.

Nappy Alarm

Practice the Advanced Exam with these Mock Tests. See how you do before the real exam.

Narrative

Practice the Advanced Exam with these Mock Tests. See how you do before the real exam.

A national hero

Practice the Advanced Exam with these Mock Tests. See how you do before the real exam.

Preposition Holiday

Can you put back all the missing prepositions?

Ties that bind us

Read and listen to the quotations below.
  1. What do you think each one means?
  2. Which do you agree with? Which do you disagree with? Why?

Wedded Bliss.

  1. Read the text through to get the general idea. What are the two general types of wedding custom that are referred to in the text.
  2. Look through the text again and predict possible ways to complete the gaps.
For many people their wedding day is the most important planned date in their lives and there are a whole range of symbols and customs associated with it. (0) --J-- is the customs of throwing confetti - a colourful mix of small pieces of paper, sometimes in the form of horseshoes, slippers and hearts.

The Millennium Dome

This is a leaflet for the increasing numbers of tourist coming to this country. It is produced by the national Tourist Office. It tells you about one important attraction in this country - The Millennium Dome. The Millennium Dome was builded specifically to give off the new Millennium and it has all sorts of expositions inside about different thing like Body, Mind, work, Faith, Communication, and so on. It tells many exiting informations about the past, present and future and points the way forward to a better tomorrow.

Road Travelled

Use the words in brackets to form a word that fits in the gap.

Robot's Dream

For questions I -6 below, read the following text and then choose from the list A-J the best phrase to fill each of the spaces. Each correct phrase may only be used once. Some of the suggested answers do not fit at all. The exercise begins with an example (0).

Sports Idioms in English.

PAT BUTCHER PAYS TRIBUTE TO THOSE SPORTSMEN AND WOMEN WHO HAVE VENTURED FAR BEYOND THE PAIN BARRIER IN PURSUIT OF THEIR DREAM.

Sports Vocabulary.

Complete the idioms, expression or phrasal verbs in this exercise

Changing words with suffixes and prefixes

Use a prefix or suffix to change the highlighted word in each sentence. Prefixes and Suffixes to use -able Makes an adjective from a verb. The verb becomes doable en- Makes a verb meaning to give the the property of the noun -ary -ery Makes an adjective from a verb. Meaning this verb has a tendancy to happen. -ness Makes a noun from an adjective. -dom Makes a noun from an adjective. un- im- dis- anti- makes an opposite adjective. -less Makes an adjective, meaning without the noun. -ate -ise make verbs from adjectives

For the Birds

In most lines of the following text, there is one unnecessary word. It is either grammatically incorrect or does no fit in with the sense of the text.

Hypnosis

1) What different uses are there for hypnotism? How would you feel being hypnotised?

2) Read the text below to see if the writer seems positive or negative about 'self-hypnosis'.

Negative Prefixes

How do I use negative prefixes?

Paranormal Prepositions

Paranormal Prepositions

Research to prove the obvious

For question 1-16, read the text below and then decided which word best fits each space, A, B, C or D.
The exercise begins with an example (0).

Simplifying Sentences.

Revise these sentences to state their meaning in fewer words. Avoid passive voice, needless repetition, and wordy phrases and clauses. The first sentence has been done as an example.

The Alexander Technique

For question 1-16, complete the following article by writing the missing words in the space. use only one word for each space.

Sweet Nothings.

A cliché is an expression that is used too often and has lost most of its meaning. Do you have the cliché in the cartoon in your language? Look at the clichés in bold in the following article. What do you think they mean?

Sibling Rivalry

As almost everyone knows, advertising is in the
doldrums
. It isn't just the recession. Advertising started to plummet early in 1989, well before the recession really began to bite.
Advertising's problems are more fundamental, and the decline is worldwide.

Odd one out

For each list of verbs. Choose one that is most unlike the others and give your reasons. There may be a good reason for more than one of the words to be the odd one out.

  1. english without a capital letter: ba0a6ddd94c73698a3658f92ac222f8a
  2. have a sandwich 4a04890400b5d7bac101baace5d7e994
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