(article + noun)
opt, act, suggest, abbreviate, calculate, certify.
That's absolutely outrage
They can't cut our salaries!
to cooperate leaves us with no alternative I'm afraid.
I'm afraid her forgetful
is becoming more and more apparent.
We clearly need to standard
our procedures. At the moment everyone has their own particular approach.
This discussion has been very product
We now have a number of possible solutions to the problem.
Her dress is a kind of blue green colour
that I will have passed my English exam this time.
of this exercise, you will have learnt some new vocabulary.
The football club has been strong
by the addition of one or two carefully chosen foreign players.
Changing words with suffixes and prefixes
Use a prefix or suffix to change the highlighted word in each sentence.
Prefixes and Suffixes to use -able
Makes an adjective from a verb. The verb becomes doable.
Makes a verb meaning to give the property of the noun.
Makes an adjective from a verb. Meaning this verb has a tendancy to happen.
Makes a noun from an adjective.
Makes a noun from an adjective.
un- im- dis- anti-
makes an opposite adjective.
Makes an adjective, meaning without the noun.
make verbs from adjectives.
13 - The sentences.
- It's totally understand
that you stayed home when you were sick.
- Don't laugh at his stupid jokes! You'll only courage
him to say them again.
- That sidewalk is slip,
I almost fell!
- After Monday, I will no longer be a foreigner. I will receive my
- Arthur will be very lonely unless you friend him.
- Every afternoon, the cooks sharp
their knives in preparation for dinner.
- I hate being around Mary Lou, she is so so
- The stock market crash of 1929 left my great-grandfather (penny).
- I have a class at 8 a.m. but I have been known to be late because I sometimes
- The groom may (veil) the bride only
when their wedding rings have been exchanged
and they have made their wedding vows.
- I think we should try something else. That strategy seems way too
- My father's death left me with a great (empty) in my heart.
- They invaded that country to (liberty) the people.
- The rebels fought hard to earn (depend) for their country.
- (free) of speech is one of the
of a civilised society.
(free) of speech
and (free) of thought were both denied under the dictatorship.
- When you work at a nuclear power plant, you have to be extremely (care).
- Every time I think I've beaten you, you (do) me!
- I had to take three months off when I was pregnant,
but my boss has been very (understand).
- He will (cork) the wine as soon as we are ready for dinner.
- There was a (understand)
at work. We got our wires crossed.
- The weather (cast)
looks bad for a picnic--rainy and windy!
14 - Questions
- Explain the difference between understandable and understanding.
Add a prefix to the words in brackets to form a word that fits in the space.
Think carefully about how to spell the words
un- dis- im- il- over- ir- under- anti- out- in-
- Selling tickets for more than their value is
is a person who illegally sells on tickets.
- It is
for a manager to tell a coach what to do with the team (appropriate)
- He has to meet a lot of people but he hates it because he's very
- He's so rude - my efforts to help him improve were completely
- They were
from the match for cheating. (qualified)
- The Manchester fans
the Chelsea fans by 2 to 1! (numbered)
- She's always boasting about what she's won - she's so
- I think top footballers are grossly
15 - More Questions
- What's the difference between anti-social and unsociable.
- What part of speech are unqualified and disqualified
- What prefix is more common with words beginning 'P' or 'M' to form a negative.
Eg: It was impractical to shift the immovable object.
It became totally impossible.
Patterns for suffixes and word form changes.
- Read the words in the table. What is the correct word stress.
(Note: Word stress can change when a word changes form.
EG: PHOtograph, phoTOGgrapher and photoGRAphic.
- Make a correct sentence with each word from the table below.
- Decide if the suffixes in bold below generally
indicate that the word is a noun, adjective or verb.
||successful ||responsibility |
18 - Some word form changes.
Make as many word forms as possible from each word.
Read the words aloud. check the pronunciation changes.
20 - Match the prefixes to the meanings
Match the following words with the meaning.
overproduce, misinterpret, out-vote, co-founder, renamed, ultra-sophisticated,
ex-president, deactive, underselling.
- too much
- better / more than.
- too little
22 - The odd one out
Which is the odd one out in each group?
24 - Fill the gaps
- Several sales staff _____
last year and didn't meet their targets.
- Smith and Turner _____ the report
- We will
our product as soon as we have completed the modifications.
_________ the number of people who would buy our product in Asia.
Because the company has been
for years, we are close to bankruptcy.
was impossibly difficult, so I left the company.
25 - Prefix and Suffix Slides
Click the machine icon to see other words with the same prefix or suffix.
Decide which of these describe the word
form change when applying this suffix.
- This suffix transforms adjectives into nouns.
-ity resonsible -ness happy
- Transforms verbs into nouns.
- Transforms a verb into an adjective meaning 'this can be done'.
- Makes a less precise adjective.
- Makes a verb from an adjective.
29 - Fill the Gaps
From a very young age I had always wanted to be an
( 1 )
I made the
( 2 ) _________ decision
to go to college and study so that I could
get a good job.
I learned some very
( 3 ) _________
things form my
tutors and they gave me a lot of very useful
( 4 ) _________
Finally I left and applied for a job. There were a hundred
( 5 ) _________
The company interviewed me, but they thought a lot of what I had
learned at college was actually a bit
( 6 ) _________
At first, I wasn't too disappointed. I even found it a little
( 7 ) _________
but I had no idea of the
( 8 ) _________ difficulty/ties
I would have in finding a job. It took six months! It seemed
( 9 ) _________ unfair
at the time, but I finally found
( 10 ) _________
in my dream job, so I think I'm quite lucky.
31 - Changing the form changes the meaning.
Sometimes when we change the form of a word the meaning changes.
Make sentences with these words to help you explain the meanings.
- Appreciate / appreciative / appreciated
- impose / imposing
Prefix and Suffix Examples
Click for more examples.
Make you own sentences with some of the example words.
He outperformed every other
competitor in the race
I prefer my steak rare. This is overcooked.
There's no alternative - An alternative solution
34 - An A-Z of "-ity" Nouns words.
-ity is just one of many suffixes that form nouns. -ness , -ment and -tion are three others.
Here is a list of nouns formed by the suffix "-ity".
ability, austerity, brutality,
compatibility, dexterity, equality, elasticity, fragility,
gravity, humidity, humility, generosity, identity, impunity, J ______ity , K _____ity,
luminosity, maturity, nativity, necessity,
popularity, prosperity, quality, quantity,
reliability, rapidity, reality, stupidity, sanity,
totality, transportability, tranquility, utility, varsity, validity,
unity, volatility, workability, wearily, x___ity , y___ ity , z ____ ity.
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