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Confusing Words

1 There are plenty of words in English which can be confusing. Find out which word is the correct one in the sentences.
  1. The United States is one of the most
    _____
    affluent
    nations in the world, yet some Americans exist in extreme poverty. (affluent / effluent)
  2. Factories must check
    _____
    effluent
    material for potential hazards to the environment. (affluent / effluent)
  3. Streams carry
    _____
    effluent
    poisons to the river. (affluent / effluent)
  4. Self-concept
    _____
    affects
    learning. (affects / effects)
  5. She
    _____
    affected
    intellectualism by wearing glasses and using long words (affected / effected)
  6. Her
    _____
    affect
    is always sour in the morning. (affect / effect)
  7. One
    _____
    effect
    of lunar gravity is tides. (affect / effect)
  8. The new state income tax was in
    _____
    effect
    last fall. (affect / effect)
  9. The president
    _____
    effected
    a new policy on international trade. (affected / effected)
  10. Invest your
    _____
    capital
    and live on interest. (capital / capitol)
  11. The
    _____
    capital
    of Connecticut is Hartford. (capital / capitol)
  12. It is harder to read words printed in all
    _____
    capitals
    . (capitals / capitols)
  13. The
    _____
    capitol
    building accommodates the Senate and the House of Representatives. (capital / capitol)
  14. _____
    Fewer
    students are signing up for courses in math and science. (Fewer / Less)
  15. They prefer courses requiring
    _____
    less
    study time. (fewer / less)
  16. There is
    _____
    less
    opportunity to study Latin in public schools today than in the past.( less / few)
  17. There are
    _____
    fewer
    students signed up for Latin class this term. (lesser / fewer)
  18. This Latin class has the
    _____
    least
    chance of remaining part of the curriculum. (last / least)
  19. The
    _____
    fewest
    number of students signed up for Latin class this year. (fewest / least)
  20. I put
    _____
    less
    sugar in the tea. (less / few)
  21. I was moved to a
    _____
    less
    prominent position. (few / less)
  22. Joyce Brown is considered one of the
    _____
    lesser
    poets. (fewer / lesser)
  23. Joyce Brown is a
    _____
    lesser
    -known poet. (fewer- /lesser-)
  24. Her
    _____
    hesistancy
    results from previous failures. (hesitation / hesitancy)
  25. Her
    _____
    hesitation
    was momentary; then she leapt into the icy water. (hesitation / hesitancy)
  26. His athletic scholarship was for running the
    _____
    hurdles
    (hurtles / hurdles)
  27. Jimmy Connors
    _____
    hurdled
    the net and began his victory dance. (hurtled / hurdled)
  28. George Washington
    _____
    hurtled
    the quarter across the potomac River. (hurdled / hurtled)
  29. The train
    _____
    hurtled
    down the track. (hurdled / hurtled)
  30. The floods caused
    _____
    horrible
    devastation. (horrid / horrible)
  31. The
    _____
    horrid
    child tossed her dinner on the floor, smacked her mom, and turned on MTV. (horrid / horrible)
  1. affluent = wealthy
  2. effluent = flowing out; of liquid waste
  3. affect = to influence, to pretend (verbs); feeling (noun)
  4. effect =a result; being in operation (nouns); to make happen (verb)
    Most often affect is used as a verb and effect is used as a noun. Something that affects you will have an effect on you.
  5. capital = wealth; the city that is the seat of the government; an upper case letter
  6. capitol = a building housing the seat of the government
  7. less = used with quantities that cannot be counted
  8. fewer =used with nouns that can be counted
  9. less =not as much in quantity (less and a singular noun)
  10. fewer = not as much in number (fewer and a plural noun)
  11. fewest = the smallest in number (fewest and a plural noun)
  12. least = the smallest in quantity (least and a singular noun)
  13. less = smaller in amount or extent; lower in rank
  14. lesser = not great in value, quantity, or size
  15. hesitancy = inclined or tending to waver or be reluctant to act
  16. hesitation = act of wavering, being reluctant, or faltering
  17. hurdle = obstacle in a race (noun); to jump over (verb)
  18. hurtle = to throw; to move at a great speed
  19. horrible = dreadful, causing horror
  20. horrid = offensive or loathsome




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