1 Explain the difference in meaning between the sentences in each pair below.
- You'll be surprised at how friendly they are.
You may be surprised at how friendly they are.
- You must kiss people you meet on both cheeks.
You should kiss people you meet on both cheeks.
- I can speak French reasonably well.
I could speak French reasonably well.
- You may open the window.
You ought to open the window.
- That must be the postman.
That could be the postman.
- You don't have to come early.
You mustn't come early.
- I can't lift those boxes in my condition.
I mustn't lift those boxes in my condition.
- I've got to leave work by 3p.m. today.
I may leave work by 3p.m. today.
Give a reason for each of the following statements.
EXAMPLE: He ought to give up his job because now
he's won the Lottery he doesn't need to go to work.
- The present Prime Minister won't win the next election because
Jamie doesn't have to go to school tomorrow because
- You mustn't be home late tonight because
I can't read the instructions on the side of this box because
This painting could be of some kind of animal because
You've got to start your revision this weekend because
Write direct speech for each of the situations
below using an appropriate modal verb.
EXAMPLE: 1 You should join the local gym.
- Someone you know wants to get fit. Give them some advice.
- Someone has asked about your musical abilities when you were a child.
Tell them about about your past abilities.
- A friend has asked to smoke in your bedroom. What question do they ask?
- Someone has asked you where your friend, Mark, is.
You don't know for sure but you have one or two ideas. Tell them your ideas.
- Someone has offered to give you a lift home.
Tell them it is not necessary as you have your bike.
- You hear the telephone ring. You are sure it is your friend, Sam,
because he said he would ring at this time.
Tell your flatmate this as you go to answer it.
- The headteacher has given a pupil permission to leave school early.
What does she say?
- It's necessary for everyone to bring their calculator to the Maths exam.
Tell your friend this.
Work with another student.
Roleplay the above situations and continue the dialogue.
Create the most interesting scenario you can think of for the dialogue.
Student I: You know, I really want to get fit
Student 2: You should join the local gym.
It's great. But, anyway, why this sudden desire to get fit?
Student I: Well, don't laugh, but I want to
take part in next year's marathon.
Student 2: Really... Are you sure?
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