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Punctuation in English language relative clauses

Punctuation in Relative clauses

We have to know whether a relative clause is defining or non-defining before we can use correct punctuation.

Punctuation examples

  1. Mrs. Jackson, who is very intelligent, lives on the corner.
  2. My teacher, who is a woman, is 90 years old.
  3. This bike, that I bought in India, has 7 wheels!

Rule

If the non-defining relative clause occurs in the middle of a sentence, a comma is put before the relative pronoun and at the end of the clause. If the non-defining relative clause occurs at the end of a sentence, a comma is put before the relative pronoun.

Rule

In defining relative clauses there are no commas.

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