If a word modifies a noun or pronoun, it is an adjective,
even if that word is usually associated with a different part of speech.
Adjectives usually come before nouns.
Eg: Rape seed oil is an oil made from Rape seed,
but Oilseed rape is the vegetable
which this oil is made from.
A bus conductor is not a bus but a man who is a conductor.
We use adjectives to tell us about a noun. This noun
could be ourselves!? So we use adjectives with
some verbs, especially be but also: get,become
,seem. We also use adjectives to say how someone or something looks
feels,sounds,tastes or smells.
Make sentences using the adjectives in this table
Play the game "Add an adjective".
One player starts a sentence with a noun.
For example: "I have a book".
The players then take turns to add one adjective to this sentence.
I have an English book.
I have a new English book.
I have an interesting new English book.
Sometimes we can form an opposite of an adjective by adding a prefix.
What prefix is used to form the opposite of these adjectives?
Not all opposites can be formed this way. Sometimes we have to find another
adjective with an opposite meaning. The opposite of big is small
We can make opposite meanings from some adjectives with a prefix.
It is a good idea to learn these opposites together with the original
Other adjectives need another different word to make the opposite.
Here are some examples of opposites formed with a prefix.
Some verbs can be changed into adjective
form by changing the ending of the word.
You can't modify extreme adjectives with very.
We often use adjectives to compare things
Some adjectives are absolute and so we can only classify things
but not compare things.
Eg: unique, ultraviolet, biological.
We can't say that something is more unique than another thing.
Either something is unique or it isn't.
Some adjectives are extreme adjectives.
With these adjectives we don't use very. Eg: Huge (Not Very huge).
This is because Huge=Very big.
participle adjectives are formed from the verb
and have suffixes -ed or -ing. Classic exmples include; "The lecture was boring." and
I was so bored that I almost fell asleep.
These nouns often come after the noun. usually adjectives come before the noun.
Another common form where the adjective follows the noun occurs with the verb to be.
There are many adjective ending in -ing or -ed.
For Example bored and boring. Think about this
You have been doing the same job for a very long time. Every day
you do exactly the same thing. You don't enjoy it any more and would like
to do something different.
Your job is boring. You are bored with your job.
Somebody is bored if something (or someone else) is boring
If something is boring then it makes you bored
Each sentence may contain any number of verbs and adjectives,
but only one word is a participle adjective. past participle adjectives
can usually be preceded by "It has been ..."
Find the participle adjectives in these sentences
Notice that the adjective comes after the noun.
It does not work before the noun.
In these sentences, the relative clause is omitted
and the participle becomes an adjective:
I wrote to the person (who is) concerned.
Sometimes, if the adjective is placed
before the noun the meaning is totally different.
I wrote to the concerned person. (= another meaning of 'concerned').