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Last Updated October 15, 2020, 1:38 pm 🖶
Modified this week 4 days ago October 15, 2020, 1:38 pm
 1

Synonyms and their associations

  1. ally, in war; partner, in business or sport; colleague at work; comrade, in socialism; companion, on a journey; mate, pal, chum, buddy are informal.
  2. speak; utter a sound, an unkind word; preach a sermon; chat; gossip; debate a problem; make a speech
  3. glance at the newspaper headlines; peep through a keyhole; peer through the darkness; scan the horizon; survey the scene; gaze into space, into someone??s eyes; stare at someone on the bus; glare in anger
  4. nervous before an exam; apprehensive about what might happen; anxious about someone??s well-being; scared of spiders
  5. adore one??s mother; worship God; revere someone??s memory; idolize a pop star
  6. loathe the sight of something; dislike food; detest someone; can??t bear/stand something/someone; abhor
  7. fracture a bone; shatter a glass; smash a window, wreck a car; demolish a building; crack a cup; ruin
  8. repair a bike; patch trousers ; restore a painting; fix a leaking tap; darn a sock
  9. appealing idea; tempting offer; seductive eyes; charming person; delightful children; pretty girl; handsome man
  10. insane, lunatic, crazy person or idea; nuts, crackers, out of one??s mind

Choose the most suitable word.

  1. I am on the _____ of great success. a) edge b) rim c) verge d) outskirts e) peripheral f) flank
2

Words that are often confused

  1. emancipated or emaciated
    1. The sheep were eventually found huddled together and rather
      ________
      .
    2. We live in more
      ________
      times.
    3. There were pictures of
      ________
      children on the cover of the magazine.
  2. Eminent and imminent
    1. The eminent professor was in imminent danger of physical attack after his outburst.
    2. He had no guilty conscience about lying unconcious on the kitchen floor.
    3. The eminent geologist warned that we're in imminent danger of a volcanic erruption.
  3. Persuade or convince
    1. Now that I'm relaxing on the beach with my book, I am ____ that they were right.
    2. More specifically, a ____ can be an attorney or a supervisor at camp. counselor. councilor
    3. Her ____ handling of the touchy situation put him at ease. discreet/discrete
    4. Each company in the conglomerate operates as a ____ entity
    5. We appealed to the ____ mediator to facilitate the negotiations. disinterested/ uninterested
    6. No matter how hard I tried to ____ a few scandalous stories from her, she kept all knowledge of ____ goings-on discreetly to herself. illicit/ elicit
  4. Speak, Say and Talk
    1. Strictly _____, you shouldn't be here.
    2. Ilya ________ me a secret and made me promise not to pass it on to anyone else.
    3. It goes without _____ that we'll invite you to our wedding.
    4. I spend most days with my three-year-old son, so forgive me if I start _________ nonsense.
    5. The teachers always ________ very highly of my son's abilities.
    6. I had my fortune ______ at the fair yesterday.
    7. It's so hot. I wouldn't _______ no to an ice cream, would you?
    8. Shall we have lunch first and then sit down to ________ business?
    9. I think that, generally _______, it's better to use public transport than drive yourself.
  5. Stunning or Shocking
    1. She came on stage wearing a stunning dress. We thought it was a brilliant design.
    2. I couldn't get over that shocking experience.
  6. discus / discuss / discust
  7. Effect / Affect

    Usually affect is a verb and effect is a noun.

    1. The infrastructure of the city has been severely affected by the tidal flooding.
    2. The effects of inflation in China will affect the Euro zone.
    3. The effects of global warming are becoming increasingly more apparent.
    4. The beneficial effects of exercise are beyond doubt.
  8. Interfere and intervene
    1. Don't interfere in other people's business!
    2. One boxer was overwhelming his opponent and so the referee decided to intervene.
  9. Faint / feint
    1. Fainthearted
    2. I feel faint.
    3. Faint glow.
  10. Insult / Abuse
    1. He called me a pig, which was very _______ .
  11. incorrect / wrong / false / mistaken / bad
    1. I accidentally accused the ___ person.
    2. You say that we've met before once, but I'm sure that you must be ____ .
    3. I missed that! I was facing the ____ way.
    4. The customs officer suspected that they had hidden the drugs in a ___ bottom of the cabin.
    5. I sensed something was wrong. Seeing a black cat was another ___ omen.
    6. Some of the athletes jumped the gun. It was a ____ start.
    7. The witness swore blind that I was the criminal she had seen, but I denied it saying that it was a case of _____ identity.
    8. He used to be such a good boy, but it seems that in life he took a ____ turning somewhere along the line.
  12. wary catious
  13. insure / assure
  14. Assume / presume
  15. engaged / busy / crowded
  16. mention / speak about / sum up
  17. tricky / difficult
  18. comedian / clown / jester
  19. insufferable / intolerable / unbearable
  20. vast / huge enormous / giant / extensive
  21. tighter / stricter /
  22. win / beat
    1. Manchester United ___ Liverpool
  23. Cargo load goods freight
    1. The heavy ____ exceeded the allowed limit on the weigh bridge.
  24. Keep / carry on / continue
    1. I can upload more than once by keep clicking on "view readings" very fast.
  25. Invent / create / discover
    1. Columbus ____ America.
    2. Who _____ the steam engine?
  26. fade / wither / ..
  27. paved with / covered in / full of / ..
  28. Journey / Trip / tour
    1. Next week, I'll go on business ____
    2. Then band went on ___ last year.
    3. The train ____ finally came to an end.
  29. Whether / If
    Decide which of these sentences also work with the word if
    1. I wasn't sure whether you'd like it.
    2. She asked me whether I was interested in working for her.
    3. I'm wondering whether to have the fish or the beef.
    4. I doubt whether it'll work.
    5. I was merely questioning whether we have the money to fund such a project.
    6. It all depends on whether or not she's got the time. Anyway, it's a good story, whether or not it's true.
    7. I'm going, whether she likes it or not.
    8. It doesn't matter whether you tell her or I tell her.
    9. Let's face it - you're going to be late whether you go by bus or train.
3

Vocabulary: commonly confused words

Choose one of the groups of words A-D below. Use your dictionary to find the differences in meaning between the words in each pair. Check the pronunciation, part of speech and meaning of each word.
  1. childish
    /
    childlike
  2. effect
    /
    affect
  3. lose
    /
    loose
  4. specially
    /
    especially
  5. stationery
    /
    stationary
  6. principle
    /
    principal
  7. lonely
    /
    alone
  8. memory
    /
    souvenir
  9. lie
    /
    lay
  10. raise
    /
    rise
  11. practice
    /
    practise
  12. ensure
    /
    insure
  13. channel
    /
    canal
  14. worthless
    /
    priceless
  15. imply
    /
    infer
  16. hard
    /
    hardly
4
Now complete the sentences below with one of the words from Exercise 4 in the correct form.
  1. This painting is......................We know that it is a fake.
  2. You'll find more paper and pens in the..................... cupboard.
  3. Could you.....................the table while I finish off getting the food ready.
  4. Are you.....................that I haven't been working very hard this term?
  5. I've got.....................any cash. I must go to the bank this morning.
  6. The film had a very powerful.....................on me. I can't stop thinking about it.
  7. Can you.....................that your mother remembers to take her pills?
  8. If we.....................this match, we will be out of the championship.
  9. He has no......................He'll do anything for a profit.
  10. It can be.....................difficult for drivers to see cyclists at night.
Show Answers 5

Similar but Different Adjectives

VERB SIMILAR BUT DIFFERENT PAIRSNOUN SIMILAR BUT DIFFERENT PAIRS

AWE

It was an awesome movie.?  (having a great quality, inspiring )
It was an awful movie.?  having a terrible quality

CHILD

It was childish behavior?  (behaviour).?  having immature behavior, negative
It was childlike behavior.?  qualities like? a child, positive

DEPEND

We have two dependent children. needing someone for care
We have two dependable children.?  having a nature of completing promises

CONFIDE

We are confident about winning.?  sure [L.confidere]
The message is confidential.?  private[L. confidenti]

LAUGH

The laughing child was playing.?  having a good nature
The laughable car was powered with tequila.?  impossible to be serious about

CRISP

It is a crisp day, today.?  cool and dry
It is a crispy cracker. ?  thin and crunchy (makes a pleasant sound )

LIGHT

She has light hair.?  a natural quality
She has lightened hair. an unnatural/changed quality

FUN

We had a fun time at the movies.?  amusing
We saw a funny movie.? causing laughter

LOVE

He is a loving son.?  having a quality of giving love
He is a lovable son.?  having a nature of attracting love

TACT

The general made a tactical advance.?  military move [L. tacticus]
He is a tactful politician.?  having skills handling situations[L. tactus]

tact (n.) ??“ skill in dealing with difficult or delicate situations

SELECT ? ? 

He is selective a boo ut what he eats. having a quality of being choosy, picky
They are selling selected items.? particular, carefully chosen
Select people can live there. a small number, exclusive, wealthy

TASTE

Your food is tasty.?  having a good taste
You are a tasteful dresser.?  having good judgment for fashion

SENSE

He is a sensible person.?  reasonable [sensibilis]
He is a sensitive person. ?  easily irritated or hurt [L. sensitivus]

WORTH? ? 

He is? a worthy competitor.? 
He is a worthless competitor.

THROUGH & THROUGHOUT Through (preposition & adverb) moving in one side and out of the other side of (an opening or location); continuing in time to or towards completion of; so as to inspect all or part of; [prep.] N. Amer. up to and including (a particular point in a sequence): from March 24 through May 7; by means of; [adv.] so as to be connected by telephone.
adjective (of public transport or a ticket) continuing or valid to the final destination; (of traffic, roads, etc.) passing continuously from one side and out of the other side; having successfully passed to the next stage of a competition; informal having finished an activity, relationship, etc.: you and I are through. "I passed the test through hard work" means "It was because of hard work that I passed the test". "I went though the field on my way home" means "I used the field as path home".

THROUGHOUT - indicates "every part/place"

preposition & adverb all the way through; right through; through the whole of (a place or a period of time); throughout the day; through the whole of some specified period or area "There are flowers throughout the field" means "Every part of the field has a flower".

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