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Music City

saxophone guitar music musician ALT IMG Practice the Advanced Exam with these Mock Tests. See how you do before the real exam.

You will hear a talk about the rising popularity of vinyl recordings.

Listen and complete the sentences.


Vinyl records had been the most used musical medium since recorded music began more than a century ago, but with the introduction of the CD, many were ready to consider it out of date. However, vinyl is making something of a come back.

With the obvious decline in record sales and increasing use of digital downloading - both legal and illegal - record companies have started to recognise that a re-introduction of vinyl may be a way to encourage fans to purchase physical copies of their favourite albums. Most new releases on vinyl come with a free Mp3 download of the album, so buying the 12-inch will get you a download of all the tracks for your iPod. Vinyl may not be very portable, but the free Mp3 that comes with a release is.

'We've had at least a 50-percent increase in the sale and stock of vinyl recently , plastic planet owner John Fischer said.

plastic planet has always had vinyl records in stock, but not such a large selection as this, since well before the launch of CDs in the mid-1980s, Fischer said.

'We've seen our CD sales decline over the past eight or nine years, but the sale of vinyl has risen sharply since 2006, Fischer said.

Many attribute this popularity to the desire to own something tangible that you can hold. To enjoy music on vinyl, you have to pull the record from it's sleeve and place it on the turntable. This physical aspect of vinyl can provide a satisfying experience which alternatives can't provide.

mp3s have placed a certain pressure on the single and a few standout tracks to do well as downloads on iTunes. However, this takes attention away from the album as a whole and ignores the longevity of an expertly crafted, and perhaps mixed, long-play album with a fixed order of tracks.

Art direction is also emphasized with the return of vinyl. Instead of a two-inch album cover squeezed onto an ipod's LCD screen, vinyl records come with a square foot of canvas for art. This gives more scope for artists to come up with an original visual theme that compliments the music of the album. Creative album art can be just as important as the music itself, since it is often the album cover that first entices browsers to purchase an album.

Posters also fit nicely inside a vinyl sleeve, so many artists have begun to include extra artwork with their records.

If cover art isn't visually stimulating enough, modern vinyl can be made exciting by colour. One of the most exciting surprises records have to offer is the thrill of opening a seemingly ordinary cardboard sleeve to find a glittery disc waiting inside.

The feeling you get from a decent vinyl collection along side a good turntable and decent pair of speakers can be awesome. Modern turntables with a USB drive can be purchased to convert the sound waves into Mp3 files, though this isn't the ideal method, as the free Mp3s given away with the vinyl records provide better listening quality.

A lot of people may now be tempted back into buying recorded music. The reintroduction of vinyl has brought back some of the excitement that has recently been lost in the technical age of the CD.

Listen again and check your answers.


Questions

  1. Which of these options best matches the meaning of the past perfect "had been the most used" from paragraph 1?
    1. Used more than any other.
    2. Used in the past.
    3. Were used more than any other, but possibly not anymore
    ____
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