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The Letter of The-Law

ALT IMG 1Unit 43 A
Legal verbs to bend the law/rules: to break the law/rules in a way that is considered not to be very harmful to contravene a law: to break a law (noun = contravention) to infringe a law/rule: to break a law/rule (noun = infringement) to impeach a president/governor: to make a formal statement saying that a person in public office has committed a serious offence (noun = impeachment) to lodge an appeal: to make an official request that a previous judgement should be changed to uphold/overturn a verdict: to say that a previous decision in court was correct/incorrect to pervert the course of justice: to make it difficult for justice to be done (noun = perversion) to quash a conviction: to change a previous official decision that someone was guilty to set a precedent: to establish a decision which must usually, in English law, be taken into account in future decisions to award/grant custody to: to give one parent or adult the main responsibility for a child, especially after separation or divorce to annul a(n) agreement/marriage/law: to declare that it no longer exists and never existed (noun = annulment) to sue someone: to take legal action against someone to allege: /əˈledʒ/ to say that someone has done something illegal without giving proof (noun = allegation) to amend a law: to make changes to a law (noun = amendment)
    B

    C

    Crimes
    crime

    meaning

    verb

    criminal

    discrimination

    unfair treatment on grounds of sex, race or
    nationality

    discriminate
    (against)

    embezzlement

    stealing money that belongs to an
    organisation that you work for

    embezzle

    harassment

    putting undue pressure on someone, e.g.
    for sexual reasons or to get a debt repaid

    harass

    insider trading/
    dealing

    illegal buying and selling of shares by
    someone who has specialist knowledge of
    a company

    do/practise
    insider trading/
    dealing

    insider trader/
    dealer

    money laundering

    moving money obtained illegally so that its
    origin cannot be traced

    launder money

    money
    launderer

    perjury

    lying when under oath

    commit perjury

    perjurer

    stalking

    following someone or giving them
    unwanted or obsessive attention

    stalk

    stalker

    trespass/
    trespassing

    go onto someone else's land without
    permission

    trespass

    trespasser

    embezzler

    Words and expressions with law
    A law-abiding person is someone who always obeys the law.
    A law-breaker is someone who - often and deliberately - does not obey the law.
    If you take the law into your own hands, you do something illegal to punish someone because you
    feel the legal system will not punish that person.
    If you lay down the law, you say with great force what you think should happen.
    If someone is a law unto himself/herself, he or she behaves in a way which is independent and not
    the way in which most other people behave.

    92

     

        2Exercises
    43.1

    Choose the correct verbs from A to fill the gaps. Put the verb in the correct form.
    1
    2
    3
    4
    5
    6
    7
    8
    9
    10

    43.2

    The governor on the province was
    for wrongful use of state money.
    The prisoner decided to
    an appeal against the court's decision.
    The appeal court
    the verdict of the lower court and the prisoner was released.
    In English law, a previous legal decision usually
    a precedent for future decisions.
    Judges often
    custody to the mother rather than the father.
    I"m not asking you to break the rules, just to
    them a little.
    You
    my legal rights by not allowing me to vote.
    Witnesses charged with perjury are accused of
    the course of justice.
    The marriage was
    because the man had never properly divorced his first wife.
    The Supreme Court
    the murder conviction and the man was freed.

    Which of the crimes in B might each of these people be charged with?
    1 A camper who spent a night on a farmer's land without asking permission.
    2 A businessman who diverted funds from the account of the company he worked for into his own
    personal account.
    3 An employer who gave a job to a man although he was less suitable for the post than a
    woman applicant.
    4 A witness who gave false evidence in court.
    5 A person who kept making inappropriate comments about a colleague's personal appearance.
    6 A board member who took advantage of what they knew about the business's plans to make a
    profit on the stock market.
    7 A person who follows someone or calls them every day and buys them gifts even though they are
    not in a relationship.

    43.3

    Choose a noun from each of these verbs to complete each sentence.
    impeach   ​
    allege   ​
    contravene   ​
    annul   ​
    harass   ​
    infringe   ​
    pervert   ​
    amend
    1
    2
    3
    4
    5
    6
    7

    Parliament is currently discussing a number of
    to the current laws on citizenship.
    Amy took her employer to court for
    in the workplace.
    Some people consider
    of others" rights as being as serious a crime as theft.
    By taking on work for a competitor Nathan was in
    of the terms of his contract.
    The trial was criticised by many as a
    of justice.
    To suggest that Leah took the money is a very serious
    .
    The circumstances are such that I think the judge may agree to a(n)
    of their
    marriage.
    8 The
    of a president has only taken place a couple of times in US history.

    43.4

    Choose an expression from C to complete each sentence.
    1
    2
    3
    4
    5

    43.5

    .
    You should let the police deal with the situation - it's far too risky to
    Sam started getting into trouble when he got in with a gang of habitual
    You shouldn't start
    on your first day in a new job.
    Masha will never be able to get Vadim to conform - he's
    .
    Isabelle is far too
    to agree to bring extra cigarettes into the country.

    .

    Over to you
    Look at the website www.britishlaw.org.uk to find out more about the law in the UK. Note
    down at least ten more useful legal words and expressions.


    
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